Coccyx pain- Pelvic PT can help!

Coccydynia: Getting to the bottom of tailbone pain

So you have a pain in the butt…Now what?

A North Carolina snow event doesn’t happen very often! If you’re like us, winter weather is too good to resist and you’ve been out sledding, playing in the snow (or running- you know who you are!) and making the most of the season. The downside of our Southern snowstorms is that they often have a layer of ice, which means that there’s a chance that some of you have sore bottoms after biting it on a sled jump or just getting down your front steps. Most of us will ride out a slip and fall without lasting injury, but if you find yourself still nursing your tailbone in the coming days and weeks, fear not: we can help you get back to sitting and moving again in time for our next Winter storm!


The coccyx is a small bone at the end of your sacrum and is susceptible to fracture with a direct fall, especially on ice or other hard surfaces. If you have a fall or trauma and suspect a broken tailbone, your doctor can do an Xray to determine whether you have a fracture. Once the bone is healed you may still experience pain at the tailbone as well as the surrounding muscles (back, hip and pelvic floor muscles & ligaments) that protect the joint. A pelvic health physical therapist can help you restore mobility and strength to get you back to sledding and other activities before the next snowfall.

Sharp, localized pain
Bruise may occur in the area of the coccyx
Painful to sit on hard or soft surfaces
Painful bowel movements and/or intercourse


A fall on the bum may affect many joints in the pelvis, including the sacrococcygeal joint (the tailbone), the sacroiliac joint ( SIJ), pubic symphysis, lumbar spine and hips. The joints can become inflamed and the surrounding muscles of the pelvis, hips and spine that protect and move the joints can spasm or become tight and weak. A pelvic health physical therapist will conduct a thorough diagnostic exam to determine the source of your pain and create a specialized plan to get you back on track.

Sharp or dull ache in the area of the joint or referred to the buttocks, hip or groin
Redness and swelling may occur initially if acute inflammation
Tender to touch
Stiffness and tightness
Painful to sit or change positions
Bowel movements and/or intimacy may be painful


The pelvis is surrounded by many dense and strong pelvic ligaments. Ligaments in your pelvis connect the pelvic bones to one another, and falls can strain some of these supportive structures, both in the backside along the sacroiliac joint and centrally at the tailbone, as well as in the pubic region in the groin. A direct fall and trauma to the pelvis can stretch or sprain a ligament similar to an ankle sprain and symptoms with positions or activities that place added demand or stretch on ligament fibers.

Dull, achy pain localized and/or referred to a larger area such as the buttocks, back, hips, groin or inner thighs
Tender to touch
Painful to sit, change positions, walk or go up or down stairs
Standing on one leg to dress may be difficult or painful
Running or more vigorous exercise is painful


If your X-ray is clear and special tests are negative you may be dealing with a tried and true muscle strain . With a direct trauma, such as a fall, the muscles of the pelvic floor, buttocks, hips, lumbar spine and abdomen may tighten to protect the joints and ligaments. There are more skeletal muscles than you think surrounding your tailbone and pelvis, and they can be stressed with a fast fall or hard landing here as in other parts of the body. The small coccygeus muscle ( the muscle that wags our ‘tail’) can spasm or become painful following a fall. The levator ani muscles of the pelvic floor help support the bony pelvic ring and may also contribute to buttock pain. In some cases, gluteals, hip rotators, lumbar paraspinals, hip flexors, hip adductors or abdominal wall may also be affected. A pelvic health expert can determine those muscles involved and will create an exercise and home program based on your needs.

Dull, ache that is localized or general
Tender to touch and/or a spasm sensation ( tightness) of the muscle
Painful to contract or stretch the muscle
Painful sitting- especially slumped
Painful to change positions such as sit to stand
May be warm or swollen over the muscle belly
Pain during intimacy
Painful bowel movements


Although not as common with a direct fall, occasionally you can stretch or pull one of the peripheral nerves that run through or near the pelvis. The pudendal nerve courses from the sacral nerve roots and then through the pelvis and around the sitting bones to ultimately innervate the rectum, perineum and clitoris or penis. When injured or irritated, the pudendal nerve can contribute tailbone or other pelvic symptoms (like sciatica in your pelvic parts). A pelvic floor physical therapist can determine whether you have a nerve component to your pain and create a treatment plan geared to get you moving again.

Burning, pressure, pulling, sharp, throbbing pain
Radiate into the rectum, vagina, penis, testicles or clitoris
Painful sitting, intercourse, bowel movements, voiding
Sensitivity to clothing/ underwear

Where to go from here:
Life involves a few falls now and then. If you dust yourself off and find that you are not back to normal quickly, consult an expert in pelvic health: your local pelvic health physical therapist. At Carolina Pelvic Health Center we can quickly get to the bottom of your symptoms to get you back to perfect your sled jump before the next snowflake falls. Call us at 919.571.9912 to schedule your physical therapy appointment today.

“Falling down is part of life. Getting back up is living.”- Anonymous